The forest of Trigiodo ? Vroulidia is an important ecosystem centred on an oak forest. It occupies the inner valley of a mountain massif near Anogia, one of the most well known touristy villages in Crete island, which borders the Zominthos regione. Anogia rests on the slopes of Monte Psiloritis at an altitude of 700 m and is the birthplace of the famous Greek singer Nikos Xylouris.
The forest is primarily made up of older oak trees, as well as species such as holm oak, mock-privet, maple, cypress, pine, plane, pear and others that are common for such an environment. It is likely that as common adverse factors (people, goats etc) were removed, the oak bush managed to develop in the manner we see today. In the slopes around the area abandoned “mitata” or shepherd mountain huts can be seen.
Trigiodo forest makes up one of the main forested areas in the slopes of Monte Psiloritis nowadays. The others are the forests of Rouvas e Gola di Vorizia. Most of the mountainsides are particularly rich in maple, oak and cypress trees as well. Monte Psiloritis (also known as Ida) is the highest mountain in Crete ( 2,456 m) and one of the highest in Crete. A plethora of hiking trails are found in the area, and the E4 Europeo a lunga distanza path also crosses through the region. One of the reasons for the dense vegetation on the mountain is the presence of springs. This has been mentioned by Homer and was known since ancient times.
The scenery around this region of the island is one of the most diverse, with stunning plateaus, extensive gorges, lush forests and traditional villages. To the south, the Grotta di Ideon Andron, one of the proposed locations where Zeus was born, can be found. You can reach the cave following the path through the foresta di Rouvas, crossing the altopiano di Nida. Nida was the ancient name for the Catena montuosa di Psiloritis and was a place of spiritual importance, closely associated with the worship of Zeus.