Antichità di Myrtos (Mirtos) - Ierapetra

Antichità di Myrtos (Mirtos) - Ierapetra

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Two remarkable Minoan settlements have been unearthed at the locations of Fournou Korifi e Pyrgos, near the present-day settlement of Myrtos, a est di Ierapetra.

Proto ? Minoan Settlement at Fournou Korifi

The first settlement is an important Proto-Minoan settlement (2800 ? 2200 BC) that was unearthed on the hill of Fournou Korifi, 3,5 chilometri a est di Myrtos. L'insediamento era inizialmente piccolo, ma in seguito è cresciuto. Era costituito da una moltitudine di edifici e stanze prive di pianificazione urbanistica, con vicoli stretti tra loro e muri dipinti con una malta rossastra. Durante gli scavi sono state portate alla luce novanta stanze di questo tipo. Considerando le botteghe e i magazzini ritrovati, contenenti importanti pezzi di ceramica (Stile Koumasa e Vassiliki Ware), oltre a pugnali di bronzo, sigilli, pesi da telaio ecc., sembra che gli abitanti avessero sviluppato una prima forma di industria artigianale (tessitura, ceramica ecc.).

It also appears that these workshops were communal, to be used by everybody. If this was indeed so, then social classes or other such distinctions had not been defined yet at this stage. One of these buildings was probably a sanctuary since the famous Goddess of Myrtos statuette was discovered there. Today it can be seen in the Museo Archeologico di Agios Nikolaos. This libation vessel represents a female figure with a long neck and a voluminous torso, holding a vessel in her arms, which is actually a pitcher. The inside of the vessel is hollow, intended to contain a libation fluid. This settlement was utterly destroyed circa 2400 BC and the site was not re-occupied.

Antichità di Myrtos (Mirtos) ? Ierapetra Creta

Minoan Settlement at Pyrgos

A little more to the west, a Neopalatial villa and a Minoan settlement with noteworthy architecture were excavated, on the hill of Pyrgossul lato orientale di un fiume, di fronte alla Myrtos. A villa was found on top of the hill, which was most likely an administrative centre and the residence of the local ruler. Its architecture had a palatial quality; it featured a central, surfaced court with a processional walkway and a balcony with a view to the Mar Libico. It was decorated with frescoes and had an indoor stairway that led to a second or possibly even to a third storey. The workshops and houses of the settlement were arranged around it.

It is obvious that the social class system indicated by the town planning and the architecture of the settlement were formulated in the centuries between its two phases of occupation. The articles of pottery found during the excavation, as well as a fast-spinning potter?s wheel, bear witness to the constant development of ceramic art. Clay vessels had become more elegant and were decorated with various designs or representations of the natural world.