Collection archéologique et folklorique de Myrtos

Collection archéologique et folklorique de Myrtos

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Le site Archeological and Folklore Collection of Myrtos is housed in a building donated by the Holy Diocese de Ieraptina et Sitia and has been operating since 2001.

One can see exhibits from the Early Minoan period that were discovered during the excavation on the hill of Fournos Koryfi, as well as exhibits from the Minoan mansion on the hill of Pyrgos. Many findings of the collection come from the Roman period from Myrtos. What stands out, however, is the collection of coins from the 3rd century until 1968. Finally, there is a room dedicated to the history of the village, mainly from the Second World War that includes weapons and ammunition exhibits.

The first settlement is an important Proto-Minoan settlement (2800 ? 2200 BC) that was unearthed on the hill of Fournou Korifià 3,5 kilomètres à l'est de Myrtos. La colonie était initialement petite, mais elle s'est agrandie par la suite. Il se composait d'une multitude de bâtiments et de pièces, sans aucun plan d'urbanisme, avec des ruelles étroites entre elles et des murs peints avec un mortier rougeâtre. Quatre-vingt-dix pièces de ce type ont été mises au jour lors des fouilles. Si l'on considère les ateliers et les réserves découverts contenant d'importantes pièces de poterie (Style Koumasa et Vassiliki Ware), ainsi que des poignards en bronze, des sceaux, des poids de métier à tisser, etc., il semble que les habitants aient développé une forme précoce d'artisanat (tissage, poterie, etc.).

The other settlement brought to light a Neopalatial villa on the hill of Pyrgossur la rive orientale d'une rivière, en face de Myrtos.  Its architecture had a palatial quality; it featured a central, surfaced court with a processional walkway and a balcony with a view to the Libyan Sea. It was decorated with frescoes and had an indoor stairway that led to a second or possibly even to a third storey. The workshops and houses of the settlement were arranged around it.

The sites are open to visitors that wish to combine a visit of the museum with an excursion of the nearby area. Those interested in learning more about the Minoan civilization should definitely make a visit to the Musée archéologique d'Héraklion. Even if you are not a history and culture enthusiast, don’t miss out on the most important and world-famous archaeological sites of Knossos et Phaistos. But of course, there are other places of great archaeological significance and all periods of habitation in Crète, that can be visited.

 

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