This great writer was born in 1883 in Herakleion, and grew up there. At the age of 6 he witnessed the 1889 revolution, and at 17 saw his country freed from the Turkish yoke. These heroic events in Cretan history influenced him greatly it seems: he makes many a reference to them in his writings.
One of the most important figures in the world history of painting, Domenikos Theotokopoulos was born in Venetian Candia (as Herakleion was then known), probably in 1541. His first steps in learning how to paint were taken there. By the time he left for Italy, at only 20 years of age, he seems to have already fully mastered the skills and practices of the Byzantine approach to art.
Probably the most important painter of the Cretan School, he was born in Candia (Herakleion) around 1540, and learnt his painting at the School of Aghia Katerina of Sinai. At the age of 32 he was working in Venice and came into contact with contemporary artistic ways. From 1584 he was back in Candia and at the monastery of Vrondisi.