Among other sights and places, in the Prefecture of Rethymnon one has the opportunity to visit one of the most important observatories of Greece, as well as Early Byzantine basilicas, and rare monuments of vernacular architecture.
A remarkable Early Byzantine basilica of the 3rd century AD was unearthed one kilometre east of the village of Vizari, in the district of Amari, on the site where a noteworthy town flourished during the Late Roman years.
A large basilica of the early 6th century AD was excavated in the area of Panormos, in the area of Milopotamos, south of the national road. According to the excavators, it was the Bishop’s see of Eleftherna during the Early Byzantine years. It is believed that it was dedicated to Saint Sofia.
At an altitude of 2.456 metres, the chapel of the True Cross (Timios Stavros) perpetuates the ancient practice of worship in peak sanctuaries. The dry-stone chapel, which has the shape of a violin case, consists of two circular rooms: one for the accommodation of worshippers and another, the main one, for worship.
An imposing fortress, which overlooks the city of Rethymnon from the rocky hill of Paleokastro. It is very possible that in Antiquity, before the medieval Fortezza was built, the acropolis of Ancient Rithymna and the temple of Artemis Rokkea existed in the area.
The Kara Moussa Pasha Mosque was named after the Turkish commander of the naval campaigns that were conducted against the city of Rethymnon. It is situated where the Venetian monastery of AgIa Varvara used to be.