Monuments & Sights of Heraklio City

The historical aspect of the city of Heraklion, which is also known as Megalo Kastro (= big castle) since the period of the Turkish occupation, reaches out to the visitor of today through the Venetian and the Turkish monuments.

Heraklion is well-known for having the largest fortifications in Eastern Mediterranean, for the fountains that can be spotted at the most unlikely corners of the city, for the imposing churches, and for some of the most impressive buildings of the Venetian period to be found in the whole of Crete

 

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Heraklion had been fortified already in the years of the First Byzantine period (330-840 AD). These fortifications were supplemented by the Arabs (840-961), the Byzantines (961-1204), and the Venetians, after 1211. 

  • location Heraklion City, Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Fortifications
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The Morosini fountain, also known to the citizens of Heraklion as Liontaria (= lions) is one of the most remarkable monuments of the city.

  • location Lontaria Square, Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Architecture
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The church of Saint Titus (Agios Titos) was initially built after Crete was liberated from the Saracens by the Byzantine emperor Nikephoros Phokas, in 961 AD

  • location August 25th St., Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Church
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The Loggia is considered as one of the most remarkable buildings of the Venetian period in Crete. It used to be a kind of Club, where the wealthy and noblemen gathered. 

  • location August 25th St., Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Architecture
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The fortification works conducted by the Venetians in the city of Heraklion also included defensive works at the port. Two fortresses were built at the end of each pier, however only the largest one, the so-called Koules, survives today. 

  • location Heraklion City Port, Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Castle
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved

The road which connects the port with Saint Mark’s square, on which the palatial mansion of the Venetian Duke was built, was already the most important street of the city already in the Venetian period

  • location August 25th St., Heraklio, Heraklio
  • type Architecture
  • site condition/facilities Open-Well preserved
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