The Prefecture of Lassithi is a region of great archaeological interest, where one can visit several Minoan settlements, as well as ancient cities of other periods, and a remarkable Minoan palace complex, that of Zakros.
Lato was one of the most important Doric city-states of Crete; its port was at Kamara, on the site of the present-day town of Agios Nikolaos. It was built on a mountainous spot, 3 kilometres north of the village of Kritsa, at the north-east foot of Mount Dikti. Its privileged, naturally secure location was considered ideal, since it facilitated the control of the pass from Central to Eastern Crete, the whole surrounding area and a large part of the bay of Mirambello.
Of all the Minoan palatial towns, Zakros minoan city and palace was the one situated further to the east. It was built on the south-eastern coastal area of the province of Sitia, 45 km from the town of Sitia and 115 km from Agios Nikolaos, on the shore of a well protected bay, at the outlet of a small valley. The well-known English admiral T. Spratt mentioned Kato Zakros in the mid 19th century as an important archaeological site.
A large, remarkable town of the Minoan years was unearthed at the location of Roussolakos, next to the beach of Palekastro. It flourished in the Late Minoan period. However, ruins of the Early Minoan and the Middle Minoan years were also uncovered, mostly graves and ossuaries containing a large number of bones which were found in excellent condition...
Petras is a settlement located 1 kilometreeast of Sitia. A small tower of the Venetian period, known as the House of Kornaros, which is believed to have belonged to the family of the famous 16th-17th century Sitian poet, Vitsentzos Kornaros, can be seen in the settlement. In the past few decades...
Ancient Praisos was a major city of the Eteocretans (= “true” or “original” Cretans, the descendants of the Minoans), and one of the most important urban centres of Eastern Crete. It was located in the area between Kalamafki and Pandelis, the two branches of the present-day river Stomio (ancient Didymos).Praisos was built on three hills and was surrounded by strong walls.
Itanos was one of the most prominent coastal cities of Eastern Crete from the Minoan era until the early Christian years; today the area is known as Erimoupoli or Erimopoli. It dominated over the whole eastern coast of Sitia, from Cape Samonion (known today as Kavos Sideros), to Cape Erithraion (known today as Cape Goudouras), and the small island of Lefki (Koufonisi).