Archaeological site of Kommos

The seaside location known today as Kommos is situated west of Pitsidia village, which belongs to the Municipality of Phaistos. The main harbour of the region of Messara existed there in the Minoan years, and it possibly served both Phaistos and Agia Triada.

Pottery from Central Greece, the Cyclades, Cyprus, the eastern coasts of the Mediterranean and Egypt was found in the archaeological site of Kommos. This fact strongly suggests that Kommos was a central Minoan harbour and a prosperous town, which tradedthroughout the eastern Mediterranean.

Extensive parts of the Protopalatial and the Neopalatial settlement have been excavated, as well as large, palatial-style buildings, and a sanctuary of the historical years.

The big colonnaded buildings in the flat area next to the beach were probably used as shipyards or warehouses. They were built with large ashlars, one of which is the biggest that has been found in a Minoan construction. These buildings form a complex with a central courtyard and spacious rectangular rooms on the four sides. Stone anchor blocks were also found during the excavation. The wide paved road which led to Phaistos began north of the complex. 

An extensive settlement of the Protopalatial and the Neopalatial period existed north of this road, on top of a low hill and down the side of it. Narrow streets and small paved squares separated the houses, which were two-storied, as indicated by the stairs that were also unearthed.

The sanctuary complex was founded in the Early Geometric period, and flourished mainly in the Classical and the Hellenistic years. It consists of a temple, a prytaneum (prytaneion = public hall of the city), a residence for the priests, a circular kitchen area, and four built rectangular altars, located east of the temple. 

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Additional Info

  • location Kommos, Festos, Heraklio
  • type Minoan Settlement, Sanctuary
  • time period Minoan Era, Classical/Greek Period, Hellenistic Period
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